Aldactone

Aldactone is a diuretic, used for the treatment of heart failure and hypertension. The main active substance of this drug (Spironolactone) prevents the absorption sodium into the body and keeps the potassium levels from lowering. Moreover, you can use Aldactone for the treatment of condition where aldosterone (a hormone responsible for maintaining salt and water balance in the body) is increased.


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Description

Drug Description

Aldactone is a diuretic, used for the treatment of heart failure and hypertension. The main active substance of this drug (Spironolactone) prevents the absorption sodium into the body and keeps the potassium levels from lowering. Moreover, you can use Aldactone for the treatment of condition where aldosterone (a hormone responsible for maintaining salt and water balance in the body) is increased.

Use

Aldactone is mainly used for the treatment of coronary insufficiency, hypertension, hypokalemia (low level of potassium), acne and hormone replacement therapy. It is also used as a part of the treatment of myasthenia gravis. This drug is intended for the treatment of women with hyperandrogenism (excessive amount of androgens), which can lead to the polycystic ovary syndrome. Patients with androgenic alopecia must take the lower dosage of this drug. The medicine is also used to prevent strokes, kidney dysfunction and heart failure.

Dosage

Aldactone is available in the form of pill, which must be taken with water. If you suffer from indigestion, you should take the drug with milk or meal. As the medicine can cause urination frequency, patients taking this drug shouldn’t take it in the evening to prevent awakening at night. The drug comes in the following dosages: from 25 to 100mg.

For the treatment of hypokalemia, the drug dosage depends on your health condition and age. However, for the treatment of heart failure, you should take 25mg of Aldactone (the dosage can be modified depending on your tolerance to the drug).

Way of use

Take the drug orally (preferable in the daytime in order to prevent bed-wetting).
In case of indigestion, take Aldactone with milk or during the meal.
The drug dosage depends on your medical condition. For kids, the dosage depends only on their body mass.

Precautions

Avoid taking Aldactone if you’re allergic to spironolactone or if you suffer from kidney dysfunction or hyperkalemia.
If you must do a blood test or have a surgery, stop the treatment with Aldactone for a while.
Adverse Effects

The adverse effects of Aldactone include: urinary frequency, dryness of the skin, hives, ataxia (lack of muscle coordination), erectile dysfunction, irregular menstruation and vomiting. As the drug lowers the androgen level, it can lead to gynecomastia (increase in the size of male breast tissue), pain in the breast and feminization. The drug can cause such dangerous adverse effects as kidney failure and hyperkalemia (low level of potassium).

Contraindications

This drug can interact with different non-steroidal and anti-inflammatory drugs, as well as miorelaxants, etc.

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