Claritin is an antihistamine with pronounced anti-allergic effect. This medication can be used as a preventive tool, especially in allergic inflammation, for example, bronchial asthma. As a blocker of histamine receptors the drug has an effect on cell structures that are involved in allergies, without affecting other organs. The instructions for use will tell you in this article in which cases Claritin is used.
Claritin is available in the form of tablets and syrup. Moreover, the drug in the form of syrup is manufactured specifically for the treatment of allergies of children. One pill of the described medication contains 10 mg of the loratadine, which is the main active component of the medication. The drug contains lactose, corn starch, and magnesium stearate as excipients. 1 ml of claritin syrup contains 1 mg of active ingredient. Auxiliary ingredients are: sucrose, sodium benzoate, glycerin and citric acid.
Once in the human body claritin has anti-allergic, antiexudative and antipruritic effect. The drug prevents the development of tissue edema, effectively reduces the permeability of capillaries and significantly reduces the activity of smooth muscles. The maximum concentration of loratadine in the blood is achieved after 1-1,2 h after ingestion of the drug.
Indications for use of claritin are year-round or seasonal allergic rhinitis, angioedema, acute urticaria, conjunctivitis, allergic to insect bites, allergic syndromes, as well as a comprehensive treatment of the dermatoses (chronic eczema, contact allergodermatit).
With regard to the dosage regimen of the drug, children under 12 years of age and weighing more than 30 kg, should take 10 mg (2 tsp of syrup) of the drug once a day. Kids up to 12 years of age and weighing less than 30 kg, need to take 5 mg (1 tsp syrup) of the drug once a day. Patients with existing impaired renal function or liver disorders are recommended to take no more than 10 ml of medication once in two days.
Claritin side effects
The remedy can cause various side effects. So, this drug may cause a feeling of nausea, dry mouth, drowsiness, headaches, fatigue, tachycardia, gastritis, and even liver disorder in rare cases. Adults may experience allergic reactions such as skin rash, and even baldness in rare cases. The child’s body might react to the receiving of medication with nervous irritability, headaches and sedative effect. According to doctors, we cannot exclude the development of seizures in those who are predisposed to them.
Contraindications and interactions.
Among the contraindications to claritin, the instruction highlights the age of 2 years, increased sensitivity to loratadine, pregnancy and breast-feeding.
Claritin should not be taken together with barbiturates, ethanol, and tricyclic antidepressants, because it reduces the effectiveness of the medication in this case.