Diazepam

People with neuroses, anxiety disorders, seizures and other nervous system diseases are often prescribed tranquilizers. Among the diversity of these psychotropic agents, the most effective drug is Diazepam. The instruction for use will tell you about the composition of this medication and indications for use.


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Description

People with neuroses, anxiety disorders, seizures and other nervous system diseases are often prescribed tranquilizers. Among the diversity of these psychotropic agents, the most effective drug is Diazepam. The instruction for use will tell you about the composition of this medication and indications for use.

The composition of the drug

Diazepam (international name is Diazepam), is available in tablets with 5 mg of diazepam component (as well as in tablets for kids with content of 1 and 2 mg of active substance). In addition, the tool can be purchased in capsules, each of which has 10 mg of the active ingredient  1 ml contains 5 mg of diazepam).

Pharmacological action

Diazepam belongs to the group of tranquilizers. The active substance means a beneficial effect on the central nervous system, soothing it, relieving tension and anxiety, and also eliminates worry and fear. This drug has a pronounced antiarrhythmic and anticonvulsant effect, reduces the synthesis of gastric juice, as well as muscle tone. In addition, Diazepam has a soporific effect, so it is prescribed for the sleep disorder.

Thus, providing the main action, the reception of Diazepam does not adversely affect thinking, memory, attention, or orientation in space.

Indications for use

This psychotropic drug is assigned in the following cases:

state, accompanied by tension of emotions, neuroses or anxiety disorders;

various phobias, which are accompanied by hallucinations and paranoia;

insomnia and other sleep disorders;

withdrawal syndrome (“breaking” appearing after refusal of alcohol or narcotic drugs);

vertebral syndrome (associated with disruption of the spine);

pain in the head caused by strain;

epilepsy (in combination with other drugs);

arthritis, muscle injury and cerebral palsy (relaxes the muscles of the skeleton);

schizophrenia.

In addition, Diazepam is used:

in cardiology (heart attack and angina);

in obstetrics (relief labor);

dermatology (eczema);

in surgery (the anesthesia);

in pediatrics (neurotic disease, sleep problems, fears, irritability, obsessive-compulsive);

in gynecology (failures during menstruation, climacteric syndrome).

How to take Diazepam

Tablets need to be taken orally, a drug in ampoules is taken intravenously or intramuscularly.

In neurology and psychiatry this medicine is taken at the dosage of 5-10 mg up to 4 times a day in order to deal with neurotic disorders, phobias, fears and insomnia,.

In gynecology and obstetrics Diazepam is prescribed at the dosage of 2-5 mg up to three times a day.

Kids take this drug in case of spastic conditions and psychosomatic disorders; this remedy is given only on prescription in individually selected doses.

Regarding the use of drugs intravenously or intramuscularly, the daily dosage should be in the range of 1-60 mg. Both dose duration and frequency of administration are selected by the specialist individually.

Drug Contraindications

If we consider the cases in which Diazepam is not prescribed, the instruction allocates the following condition:

chronic hypercapnia;

myasthenia gravis;

acute alcohol intoxication;

acute intoxication drugs;

lactation and pregnancy;

acute respiratory failure;

severe COPD;

hypersensitivity to diazepam;

the age of 6 months (tablets), and 1 month (ampoules).

Side effects

Reception of Diazepam may provoke dizziness, high fatigue, disorientation, headache, hand tremors, depression or euphoria. In addition, there may be nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, stomach pain and loss of appetite. It may also cause the appearance of tachycardia and low AD. In rare cases, there may be an allergic reaction – itching and skin rash.

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