Bronchial asthma is a rather unpleasant, even dangerous disease that must be kept under strict control by every person having such a disease. Asthma is considered to be an infectious-allergic disease. As a rule, bronchial asthma is characterized by bronchospasm. This sudden contraction of the muscles of the bronchial wall is accompanied by a narrowing of the bronchi. The result is a deterioration of the lungs, causing an asthma attack and a panic.
Ventolin for inhalation will be able to significantly alleviate the condition of a sick person. This tool helps to prevent bronchospasm, a sick person feels relief by breathing. Ventolin is a broncholytic, a selective beta-2-agonists. The drug is available in two forms: aerosol of Ventolin Evohaler and solution for inhalation of Ventolin Nebula. The main active ingredient of both drugs is salbutamol.
The solution for inhalation of Ventolin is used as a prophylactic in case of bronchial asthma, for the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), is used for the relief of bronchospasm. Ventolin for inhalation is not a drug intended for injection, so it is inhaled by using a nebulizer machine equipped with a mask and endotracheal tube. Hypoventilation may cause the risk of hypoxia, in this case, the inhaled air should be oxygen-enriched.
Dosage and application
Usually the drug of Ventolin Nebula is applied without dilution of any solution, but if it is necessary to hold a long inhalation for about 10 minutes, the drug can be diluted with sterile 0.9% sodium chloride solution. Therapeutic drug of Ventolin for inhalations is expedient to apply in areas that are well ventilated, because some part of the medicinal product gets into the environment.
The initial recommended dosage of Ventolin Nebula with inhalation introduction using a nebulizer is 2.5 milligrams. If it is necessary, you can increase the dose to 5 milligrams. Frequency of application of Ventolin is approximately 3-4 times a day. The dose for adults may be increased to 40 milligrams per day in the hospital, when there is a pronounced airway obstruction.
The basic form of the release of Ventolin Evohaler is a special aerosol intended for inhalation. One cartridge provides approximately 200 doses. This type of Ventolin for inhalation is intended for the treatment of adults and children older than 2 years old. Aerosol inhalation must be assigned by a doctor. Seriously ill people, who find it difficult to inhale, are recommended to use a spacer. There is a special device Babyhaler for young children. Long-term maintenance of therapy for adults requires two inhalations (200 micrograms) up to 4 times a day. It is necessary to use 100 – 200 mcg, which are 1 – 2 inhalations for the relief of attacks of bronchospasm of children.
You should be cautions while applying both types of Ventolin for inhalation because of the possible occurrence of side effects. These include hypersensitivity to the drug ingredients. The result of a hypersensitivity reaction is angioedema, bronchospasm, urticaria, hypotension. Also be aware that it is possible to decrease the level of potassium in the blood plasma when using the drug. In some cases, it may occur severe headache, tremor, increased excitability. The cardiovascular system often suffers from a disturbance of heart rhythm, tachycardia. Inhalation of Ventolin was a marked by irritation of the mucous membrane of the oral cavity, and pharynx. The drug can sometimes cause muscle cramps.
It is inappropriate to use the drug by people with congestive heart failure, pregnancy, lactation and by children under eighteen months of age.
If you use this drug, you should know how to properly use the aerosol for inhalation or nebulizer. Proper treatment with the special devices is a guarantee for the efficiency of the treatment process.