The main active component of the drug is fluticasone. This white powder is highly productive in the treatment of allergic diseases. It reduces the activity of eosinophils and macrophages, inhibits the production of inflammatory mediators (cytokines, histamine).
Form of release
The drug is produced in the form of: 0.05% cream; 0.005% ointment; nasal spray (50 µg) at 60 and 120 doses; aerosol for inhalation (0.125 mg, 0.25 mg, 50 mg) at 60 and 120 doses. This diversity makes it easy to find the best option in each case.
The importance of GKS in the treatment of allergic rhinitis
Allergic rhinitis is recognized as one of the most common diseases, from which from 20% to 40% of the adult population in different countries of the world suffer. The incidence rate is around 38%. Lately allergic rhinitis has been increasingly diagnosed in young children. This is a terrible pathology that leads to the development of asthma, sinusitis, otitis. It is therefore important to get to a competent doctor who will develop an individual treatment plan. Therapy must be comprehensive and include H1 blockers, cromone, anticholinergics, anti-leukotrienes and, of course, hormonal drugs. A key role is given to corticosteroids. The reason is that only they are able to completely eliminate all of the symptoms — sneezing, watery eyes, swelling, itching and nasal congestion. Thus, GCS becomes a mandatory step on the road to recovery.
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The place of corticosteroids in pulmonology
GCS have great importance in pneumology, especially in the treatment of bronchial asthma. They are prescribed in case of the low efficiency of basic therapy. The most productive and recognized means are safe inhaled glucocorticosteroids (IGCs) — Beclomethasone, Budesonide, Flovent propionate, Salmeterol, Mometasone furoate, Fluticasone. If you compare these IGCs according to the productivity of relief of symptoms, Flovent is one of the best. These drugs are characterized by a pronounced immunosuppressive and anti-inflammatory action. They reduce the swelling of tissues and intensity of mucus bronchial disorders. Inhaled steroids differ from tablet forms: they act locally, i.e. do not have systemic action (when the dose is properly selected); allows you to control manifestations of the disease, work for a long time (up to 24 hours); significantly improve the quality of life of patients. However, it should be noted that EGCS should be used only in combination with other drugs.
When should Flovent be prescribed?
Indications depend on the form of issue. Thus, the spray of Flovent is prescribed for the treatment of allergic rhinitis. Bronchial asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, COPD should be treated with Flovent in the form of aerosol. Cream and ointment can be prescribed for psoriasis, eczema, neurodermatoses, planus, generalized erythroderma, rash and seborrheic dermatitis.
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Flovent: instructions for use.
The dose of Flovent, which is optimal in a particular case, is determined by a physician. Follow the recommendations on the frequency of use per day and the duration of the therapeutic course. Nasal spray Flovent is often taken according to the following scheme.
Children from 4 to 11 years: 50 mcg once a day. Adolescents and adults: 100 mcg once or twice a day. The maximum daily dose for adults is 400 micrograms. Spray, cream and ointment are used twice a day. During the treatment you should take into account two important points. The drug should be taken regularly, i.e. it is not suitable for the temporary relief of symptoms. The first results can be felt after 4-5 days of therapy.
When is Flovent contraindicated?
List of contraindications depend on the dosage form you are prescribed.
Flovent for inhalation shouldn’t be taken in case of tuberculosis, asthmatic bronchitis and acute bronchitis spasm. Flovent ointment is used for acne, bacterial and fungal infections of the skin, perioral dermatitis, itching in the anogenital region. The drug is not prescribed to people with individual intolerance to components. Spray and aerosol are not recommended to children under 4 years of age. Cream is prescribed from 6 months of age, ointment – from 12 months of age. The advisability of use during pregnancy and lactation is determined by the physician.
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Side effects occur in case of violation of the dosing regimen. In case of intranasal reception, the side effects are manifested in the form of irritation — burning, stinging, dryness, and nasal bleeding. If the history includes surgery, there is a risk of perforation of the nasal septum. There may appear white patches and little sores — candidiasis during the inhalation of Flovent with inhaler through the mouth. Some patients may suffer from hoarseness, shortness of breath, bronchial spasm. When the drug is used externally, a signal of the need of discontinuation of treatment is serve itching, thinning of the skin, dilation of small blood vessels, discoloration, dermatitis.